You have probably heard Africa called the “cradle of humanity.” As you might assume, given its critical function in human development, there are a few stupendously ancient structures still remaining on the continent.
While many of them are barely recognizable as buildings (appearing extra like unfinished mounds), others are thoroughly preserved, dating lower back as some distance as 2500–2648 BC.
You will observe that almost everything on this listing is a pyramid. This is genuinely because nearly all of the maximum historical systems in Africa which might be complete enough to classify as “buildings” had been constructed as tombs in ancient Egypt.
1. Pyramid of Djoser, Egypt (2667–2648 BC)
Eventually, the oldest building still standing in Africa is the original Egyptian pyramid, the Pyramid of Djoser. Its design was conceived by the engineer Imhotep, who was also a physician and architect (and amazingly enough, a commoner, later considered a god after he was deified two thousand years after his death).
The Pyramid of Djoser is a step pyramid, which can be contrasted with the smooth-sided pyramids developed later. Each step is referred to as a “mastaba,” which translates to “house of eternity.”
A single mastaba can function as a tomb on its own. Stacking successively smaller mastabas one on top of the other resulted in a dramatic structure, fit for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser. This pyramid was, of course, a starting blueprint for all those that followed after.
You now know more about the oldest structures in Africa, the vast majority of which were constructed as ancient Egyptian tombs. The strides in engineering and architecture which were made by the ancient Egyptians were quite astonishing. Be sure to plan a trip to Africa one day to marvel at these ancient structures in person!