Muammar Gaddafi was born on June 7 to be precise in 1942 near Sirte, the former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was fathered by Bedouin farmer (Biological Father). Gaddafi was so brilliant at school, he graduated from the University of Libya in the year 1963 and graduated from the Libyan Military Academy in 1965, gradually climbing the ranks of leadership.
Gaddafi was very much unimpressed by the reign of King Idrīs and the domination of foreign nationals such as Italians and Jews in the country. Consequently, Gaddafi, along with other officers, planned the overthrow of the monarch.
On September 1st, 1969, Gaddafi and his men took control of the country through a bloodless coup. He was commander-in-chief of the armed forces and president of Libya’s new governing body, the Revolutionary Command Council. He quickly formed the Libyan Arab Republic, with the motto “freedom, socialism and unity.” “
In 1970, he decided to withdraw the American and British military bases from Libya. In 1973, he nationalized all of the country’s foreign oil assets, a decision that Western countries have never forgiven him. It also banned alcoholic beverages and gambling, in accordance with its own strict Islamic principles.
The RCC has launched a process to allocate funds for education, health care and housing for all. Public education in the country has become free and primary education compulsory for both sexes. Medical care has become free for the public.
Under Gaddafi’s reign, per capita income in the country reached more than $11,000 USD which at that time was the fifth-highest in Africa. For 42 years, until his death in October 2011, Gaddafi has accomplished impressive achievements to improve the lives of his people.
According to his green book, Libyans had to own a house because it was a fundamental right. The Green Book was his political philosophy, first published in 1975.
Through Gaddafi, Libya had one of the best health services in the Middle East and Africa. Education and medical treatment were absolutely free of charge. Electricity was free, gas was cheap, and the state bank made loans to citizens at zero percent. There was no external debt. But above all, Gaddafi raised the education level of Libyans from 25% to 87% under his leadership.
In early 2011, a civil war broke out in the broader context of the “Arab Spring”. The anti-Gaddafi rebel forces established a committee named the National Transitional Council on February 27, 2011. It was to act as an interim authority in rebel-controlled areas.
However, the state’s armed forces managed to suppress the revolution. France and Britain then co-opted Obama into what would become a multinational coalition led by NATO forces to essentially go to war against Libya. They needed America for firepower.
On March 21, 2011, the offensive was launched. To put pressure on Gaddafi, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant against him and his entourage on June 27, 2011. By August 20, 2011, Tripoli, the capital of Libya, had fallen into the hands of the rebels, Gaddafi doing of Sirte the new capital.
An American and French drone struck the convoy which was trying to get Gaddafi out of Sirte and destroyed a dozen vehicles. A wounded Gaddafi and his immediate agents had to rush into a tunnel. It did not take long for the rebels following the blood trail to find the leader who had escaped being captured for months.
On October 20, 2011, when Gaddafi was recovered from the storm sewer, bleeding profusely from a deep wound on the left side of his head, his arm and other injuries to the neck and torso, he allegedly asked his kidnappers: “What have I done to you?” “
The question “What have I done to you?” Is poignant. The rebels and their western supporters claimed that Gaddafi had been ousted because of the abuse of citizens’ rights, as well as his refusal to cede power.
It is perhaps his attempt to introduce a single African currency linked to gold in order to be able to introduce and only trade in the African gold dinar which would have plunged the world economy into chaos, but which would have liberated African nations of debt and poverty.
Image Credit: qz.com